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Traumatic brain injuries: an overview

Virginia resident probably know what a concussion is, but this is just one of the many types of traumatic brain injuries. TBIs, as defined by the CDC, are brain injuries that disrupt the normal function of the brain. A person whose head is bumped, cracked, jolted or penetrated can incur a TBI.

Concussions are mild TBIs, but even then, victims may wind up losing consciousness. Moderate and severe TBIs can lead to long-term changes in the way victims think, act, move and feel. For instance, victims may suffer seizures, slur their speech, become disoriented and have impaired short-term memory. They may become lethargic, and their mind may wander excessively.

Another type of TBI is intracranial hematoma, which refers to bleeding due to the rupture of a blood vessel between the brain and skull. Contusions, or bruising, in the brain can cause brain tissues to swell up: another possible TBI. Skull fractures can lead to a TBI if a piece of the skull pierces the brain.

The most common causes of TBIs are falls. This applies to all age groups. As for fatal TBIs, these are most often the result of auto accidents. Struck-by incidents in the workplace, blast injuries, assault and gunshot wounds to the head are frequently linked to TBIs.

In many cases, one incurs head trauma because of someone else's negligence. Victims of negligence may be able to file a personal injury claim, and if successful, they may be reimbursed for past, present and future medical costs; pain and suffering and emotional trauma; lost wages; future lost income; and more. In the case of on-the-job injuries, victims might file a workers' compensation claim. Whatever the situation may be, it may be wise to have a lawyer give advice and guidance on a case.

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